How to vote in Belgium

The right to vote is not attributed automatically, it is limited to certain elections and you will always need to register to vote.

  • Download the VOTER FORM (see "media" below) or pick up the form at your local commune.
  • Complete and sign the form (C/1)
  • Send it by ordinary mail to your commune or drop it off there, with a copy of your Belgian ID, until 28 February 2019
  • Once you have registered, you will receive an official notice confirming your registration.
  • Some weeks before the day of the elections, you will receive a notification to attend.
  • On the day of the elections, you have to take this notification and your identity card with you to the polling station.
  • For more info contact the Expat Welcome Desk on +32 (0)2 430 66 00 from Monday to Friday.

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You want to send the voter form by e-mail?
To guarantee the legal validity of your registration by e-mail, please follow the following procedure:
  1. complete the registration form electronically;
  2. save your registration form in PDF format (using an application such as ‘PDF Creator’, for example);
  3. sign this PDF file using your belgian residence card* (in a PDF file reader, you must use the signature placement tool);
  4. send this signed PDF file to your local authorities via e-mail.
*Electronic signatures issued using your electronic residence card have the same legal status as a handwritten signature.

Note that certain communes accept e-mails with scans forms without the electronic signature.
Voting is secret and will happen via computer terminals. Results are generally available 24 hours following the vote. You may only vote on one list: either you vote by marking a box at the top of the list (i.e. a list vote) or you vote by marking the box next to the name of one or more candidates (vote by name).
Find the explanatory video via this link: (only available in French, Dutch and German).



Electors can also vote by proxy, by giving the authority to vote to another elector, who then becomes their mandatary. This must be another elector who also votes (it is usually a relative or friend). But a mandatary may only receive the proxy from one other person. For example, if your family consists of two people and neither of you can vote on 26 May, you must find two separate mandataries who will vote in your name.

Voting by proxy is possible in certain circumstances. The most common circumstances are:

     -  Illness or invalidity: the impossibility of voting for such reasons must be backed up by a medical certificate.
     -  Professional reasons or duty: the employer must provide a certificate that is to be annexed to the proxy document
     -  Study reasons, for students: the educational institution that the student attends must provide a certificate that is to be attached to the proxy document.
     -  Holiday abroad: to be confirmed by means of a certificate from the mayor or his representative. The request must be submitted by the day before the election at the latest.


Giving a mandate for someone to vote by proxy is possible up to the day of the election, except in the case of a holiday abroad. In that case it must be done on the day before the election at the latest, because the local authority in question has to stamp the document.


You can download the proxy form from below (see "media").

Election day

On the day of the election, the mandatary has to cast his vote in the polling station of the person who has given the proxy and must be in possession of a fully completed and signed proxy form with the necessary certificate, in addition to his own ballot paper and identity card.