Voting

Conditions

Foreigners may vote and also stand as a candidate in Belgium for local and European elections subject to certain specific conditions. Conditions to vote are as follows.

  • Be a national of one of the Member States of the European Union,  for EU citizens. This condition must be fulfilled by 1 March of the election year at the latest. Non EU citizens must have an official residence in Belgium since at least five years.
  • Live in a Belgian municipality and be registered in the population or aliens register before a certain data, usually three months before election day.
  • Be at least 18 years old on election day.
  • Be registered to vote.
  • Not be deprived of your voting rights in your country of origin, either by an individual legal decision or by an administrative decision.
As for standing as a candidate, EU citizens in Belgium can be a candidate for local elections, thus become municipal counsellor and even alderman. Becoming a mayor is however excluded. Non EU citizens cannot stand as a candidate. 

    Local

Regional

Federal

European

Can I vote? EU

yes

no

no

yes

Non EU

yes

no

no

no

Can I stand as a candidate? EU

yes

no

no

yes

Non EU

no

no

no

yes


Please do not hesitate to contact the Expat Welcome Desk for any questions regarding voting or standing as a candidate for the Belgian elections.